United States’ Definition
Forced labor in the United States can include sex trafficking and/or labor trafficking since both utilize forced or compulsory labor under threat, fraud or coercion. Most often though, U.S. activists reference forced labor when speaking about labor trafficking since sex trafficking is a separately defined crime.
According to the U.S. Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act, labor trafficking is the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision or obtaining of a person for labor or services through the use of force, fraud or coercion for the purposes of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage or slavery (22 USC § 7102).
Employees working in private homes are forced or coerced into serving and/or fraudulently convinced that they have no option to leave.
Women, men or children that are forced into the commercial sex industry and held against their will by force, fraud or coercion.
Human beings are forced to work under the threat of violence and for no pay. These slaves are treated as property and exploited to create a product for commercial sale.
Individuals that are compelled to work in order to repay a debt and unable to leave until the debt is repaid. It is the most common form of enslavement in the world.
Any enslavement — whether forced labor, domestic servitude, bonded labor or sex trafficking — of a child.
Women and children who are forced to marry another without their consent or against their will.